Customs Clearance Process And Precautions For Export To The United States

- Jul 13, 2018 -

There are various ways to export goods to the United States, and some goods are paid by the consignor by the consignor. In this case, the American customs clearance Council requires Chinese exporters to sign a POA (Power of Attorney) before shipment, which is similar to the customs declaration required in the customs of China.

In the case of DDP (Delivered Duty Paid, delivered after duty) to the door, there are usually two ways of customs clearance:

Customs clearance in the name of American consignees

That is, the United States consignee (consignee) provides the POA agent to the freight forwarder, and also needs the Bond of the American consignee.

Clear the customs in the name of the consignor

That is, the shipper provides POA to the freight forwarder of the port of shipment and the forwarding agent to the agent of the port of destination. The consignor will help the consignor handle the importer's customs registration number in the United States, and the consignor is required to purchase the Bond.

Matters needing attention

1. The above two customs clearance methods, regardless of which kind of use, must use the American consignee's tax number (Tax ID, also known as IRS No.) to clear customs. IRS No. (The Internal Revenue Service No.) is a tax identification number registered by the American consignee in the IRS.

2. In the United States, no Bond can clear customs, no tax numbers and no customs clearance.


Customs clearance process under this kind of trade mode

Customs declaration

After receiving the notice, the customs bank may apply for customs clearance to the Customs within 5 days of preparation to port or inland point, as required by the customs. Marine clearance is usually announced within 48 hours or not, and air cargo will be notified within 24 hours. Some cargo ships have not arrived yet, and the Customs has decided to check them. Most of the inland points can be declared in advance (Pre-Clear) before the arrival of the goods, but the results will only be displayed after the arrival of goods (i.e. ARRIVAL IT).

There are two ways to declare to customs, one is electronic declaration, the other is that customs needs to examine written documents. Either way, we must prepare data and other data needed.

Preparation of customs declaration documents


2.Commercial Invoice

3.Packing List

4.Arrival Notice

5.Fumigation Certificate or Non Wood Packing Statement

The name of the consignee on the bill of lading needs to be unified with the consignee shown on the latter three documents. If it does not agree, the consignee on the bill of lading must write the Letter of Transfer, and the third party will be able to clear the customs. Invoice and packing list also need the name, address and telephone number of S/ & C/. The lack of information on some S/ documents in China will be supplemented.

Transfer the customs

If customs clearance is in the interior, we need to do cut I.T.---Immediate Transit. We need to provide I.T, Date, Issued and Place Issued and Ended. The inland customs will use I.T# to control and release it.

Delivery of goods

1.In the past ABI system, the shipping company's Wharf was directly connected to the customs. This means that if the customs is released in ABI, the shipping company and the docks will be able to see it.

After the trial of AMS, large scale ship companies such as evergreen, APL, Ma Shiji, COSCO and CSCL were also connected to AMS, but the wharf did not, so the Customs was released in AMS, and the ship companies and NVOCC AMS FILER can be seen synchronously, and the ship company helped the terminal system to update simultaneously. Relatively small ship companies, such as Chinese and foreign transport, LYKES, GWS, and so on, have not been connected to the network AMS, so it can only be released through the NVOCC AMS FILER fax NVOCC guarantee letter and the copy of the customs pass (CUSTOMS FORM 3461), and these shipping companies will update the wharf system manually after receiving the fax.

2. The dock / ship company's cargo terminal is connected with the ship company. If the freight is prepaid and the bill of lading is an electric amplifier, the wharf will automatically deliver the goods to the Truck Company as soon as the customs release. American customers do not need to change orders, so the US agency has nothing to do to help withhold goods, which is totally different from China. Therefore, loading port has not received the freight of the customer. Do not make a large bill of lading or prepaid freight.

3. Inland cargo to inland goods, after customs clearance ship company will give a PICK UP#, the agent will get C/ after this PICK UP#, the Truck Company with this number to pick up, the number to wait: A, the goods arrive at the yard and from the train and down cabinet, B, the customs release, the C, the ship company after the release, the lack of any one is not taken Here it is. Therefore, the inland cargo takes a long time to track and receive PICK UP# at C/.

In short, the United States agency import procedures are as follows:

A. Receives the agent's file (including: 1+ B/L, M B/LCOPY+D/C NOTE) and enters the computer.

B. The goods arrived one week before the arrival of the goods to SSL or CO-LOADER to ask for the arrival of the notice, so the loading port OP must write the date of arrival on the D/C NOTICE, help the United States agent to inquire the date of the port in time.

C. Upon receipt of the SSL or CO-LO arrival notice, enter the computer and send it to C/ and their customs broker on the same day (if you know who it is).

D. Receipt of the original bill of lading or shipping fee sent by C/ or the declaration bank, send the freight and the original bill of lading we need to send SSL or CO-LOADER by messenger or express, usually within 24 hours, and if there is IC, send them to SSL or fax them.

E. SSL receives the bill of lading and charges and enters the computer to deliver the goods. If you send it to CO-LOADER, they will repeat (above D) and send it to SSL to deliver the goods. So, CO-LO goods will be released about 1-1.5 days later, C/ will complain.

F. Go inland, track the cargo trip until PICK UP passes back to C/.

G. Deliver the goods to the door, send D.O. (DELIVERY ORDER) to the Truck Company and contact the receiving warehouse until the receipt is confirmed. Some C/ needs POD to get to C/ after getting the truck.

H. The SOC tracking box is also returned to the designated yard (C/ is required to be returned for confirmation when discharging goods).

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