The role of maritime transport

- Oct 16, 2017 -

1. Ocean Cargo Transportation is the main mode of international trade transportation.

Although the international Marine cargo transportation has the low speed, the risk is big insufficiency, but because of its through the ability to be big, the traffic volume is large, the freight cost is low, as well as to the goods adaptability and so on the merit, combined with the global unique geographical condition, causes it to become the international trade the main The $number of the total volume of import and export goods in China is carried out through ocean transportation, because of the rise and development of container transportation, not only the transportation of goods to the direction of aggregation, rational development, but also save the goods packaging materials and transport fees, reduce the damage goods, ensure the quality of transport, shorten the transport time, Thus reducing the cost of transportation.

2. Ocean Cargo Transportation is one of the important channels to save foreign exchange payment and increase foreign exchange income.

In our country, freight expenses generally account for about 10% of the total import and export of foreign trade, especially the bulk freight accounted for a greater proportion of trade, if the full use of international trade terminology, to strive for our more ships, not only save the foreign exchange payment, but also can win more foreign exchange income. In particular, China's capacity to invest in the international shipping market, and actively carry out third country transport, to create foreign exchange revenue for the country. At present, all countries in the world, especially the coastal developing countries, attach great importance to the establishment of their own ocean fleets, focusing on the development of marine cargo transport. In some shipping countries, the income of foreign exchange freight has become an important pillar of the national economy.

3. The development of the maritime transport industry is conducive to improving the country's industrial structure and the structure of international trade export commodities.

Ocean transportation is realized by the practice of sailing activities, the basis of which is shipbuilding, nautical technology and seafarers mastering technology. Shipbuilding industry is a comprehensive industry, its development can lead the iron and steel industry, shipbuilding equipment industry, electronic instrumentation industry development, and promote the whole country's industrial structure improvement. Our country from the original ship importer, in recent years has gradually become a ship exporter, and is moving towards the ranks of the major exporters. Because of the continuous development of China's navigation technology, the crew of labor services have aroused the attention of all over the world. The development of ocean transportation, China's ocean-going transport fleet has entered the world's top 10, for the future large-scale demolition of the ship industry to provide a condition, not only for the smelting of China's steel mills to provide low-cost raw materials, energy conservation and import of ore consumption, and export of scrap steel. It can be seen that the development of the marine transportation industry will not only improve the national industrial structure, but also improve the commodity structure in international trade.

4. the Marine transport fleet is the important reserve force of national defense.

Offshore ocean transport fleets have traditionally been used as logistical means of transport during wartime. The United States, Britain and other countries called the merchant fleet as "the four services except land, sea and Air", the former Soviet merchant fleet was also called "Shadow Fleet" by Western countries. Visible, it plays a role in the outcome of the war. Because maritime transport occupies such an important position, all countries in the world attach great importance to maritime shipping, protect through legislation, support and subsidy from funds, and give preferential treatment in cargo loading.

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